Rules and hand written notes for English Grammar Error Detection and Sentence Improvement download
English Grammar Error Detection notes: Do you know? “India now claims to be the world’s second-largest English-speaking country“. Hi, this is TechMario, Your online tutor on various topic regarding govt exams. I assure you, a better outcome if you follow me for 30 days. No one likes flaws, but we are human in nature, unintentionally or unknowingly end up making errors. If you are preparing for Govt jobs like, SSC CGL, IBPS PO, IBPS RRB, SBI PO,Indian Army and Indian Navy then you are not allowed to make errors in your writing and speaking at the time of written exam or interview. English grow as sole priority for employer and they seek a candidate having everything perfect, Perfect speaking skill in English, excellent writing skill in English and moreover confident person who can showcase what he/she possess.
Therefore keep all these things in mind, I have prepared notes on rules for English Grammar Error Detection and Sentence Improvement.
List of 100 Rules for English Grammar Error Detection:
Rule 1: If two or more Singular Subjects connected one after other then Verb will be in the Plural form.
Incorrect- Shyam and Ganesh is going to Jaipur.
Correct- Shyam and Ganesh are going to Jaipur.
Rule 2: If the Singular Subjects are preceded by “each” or “every”, then Verb will be in Singular form.
Incorrect- Every men and women were ready.
Correct- Every men and women was ready.
Rule 3: If two Singular Nouns referring to the same person or thing, then Verb will be in Singular Form.
Incorrect- The Secretary and Principal are coming.
Correct- The Secretary and Principal is coming.
Rule 4: If two or more Singular Subjects are connected by “or, nor, either … or, neither … nor”, then Verb will be in Singular form.
Incorrect- Neither ram nor shyam were there.
Correct- Neither Ram nor ram was there.
Rule 5:When the Subjects are joined by “OR”, or “NOR” and Subjects are different in numbers/counts, then the Verb must be in Plural form, and the Plural Subject must be placed next to the Verb.
incorrect- Neither the teachers nor the Headmaster was present.
Correct- Neither the Headmaster nor the teachers were present.
Rule 6: When the Subjects joined by “OR”, or “NOR” are of different persons, the Verb agrees in person with the one nearest to it.
Lets understand example similar to rule 5,
Correct- Neither the villagers nor the Headmaster was present.
Correct- Neither the Headmaster nor the Villagers were present.
incorrect- Neither the Headmaster nor the Villagers was present.
Note: In this rule, you need to use the verb for last subject which is near the verb.
Rule 8: Some Nouns which are singular in form but plural in meaning, then the Verb will be in Plural Form.
Incorrect- Mathematics are funny
Correct- Mathematics is funny
Rule 9: Words joined to a Singular Subject by “with”, “together with”, “in addition to”, “or” and “as well as” then the Verb will be used for Singular Subjects only.
Incorrect- The President, with all his MP, were kidnapped.
Correct-The President, with all his MP, was kidnapped.
What is the infinitive?
The infinitive of a verb is its basic form with or without the particle to:
- ‘do’ or ‘to do’
- ‘be‘ or ‘to be‘
The infinitive without to is called bare infinitive (‘do‘, ‘be‘)
The infinitive with to is called full infinitive (‘to do‘, ‘to be‘)
RULE 10:The following Verb are always followed by an infinitive:
‘decide’, ‘plans’, ‘expect’, ‘fail’, ‘hope’, ‘intend’, ‘learn’, ‘promise’, ‘refuse’, ‘want’, ‘agree’, ‘consent’, ‘try’, ‘love’, etc.
Incorrect: I refuse meeting him.
Correct: I refuse to meet him.
RULE 11. KNOW is always followed by How/Where/When/Why and Infinitive
Incorrect: I know to write a letter.
Correct: I know how to write a letter.
RULE 12: After let, bid, Behold, watch, see, feel, make etc. we use bare-infinitive and not To-infinitive
Incorrect: I heard him to teach on several topics.
Correct: I heard him teach on several topics.
RULE 13: Bare infinitive are used after modal auxiliaries.
Modal auxiliaries -> Can, could, shall, should, may, might, will, would, must, dare not, need not, had better.
Incorrect: You need not to worry about exam.
Correct: You need not worry about exam.
RULE 14: Had better, had rather, has as soon .. as, had sooner etc. are followed by Bare infinitive.
Incorrect: She had better to go now.
Correct: She had better go now.
RULE 15: Conjunction “THAN” is always followed by Bare infinitive.
Incorrect: He had better look than to ritu.
Correct: He had better look than ritu.
RULE 16: When but is used a preposition and preceded by any from of do (Do/does/did) then it is followed by Bare Infinitive.
Incorrect: He did nothing but to roam.
Correct: He did nothing but roam. — Bare Infinitive
RULE 17: participle like considering, judging, referring, concerning, regarding, viewing, broadly speaking, etc. do not take any subject.
Incorrect: I concerning your situation. I took the decision.
Correct: Concerning your situation. I took the decision.
RULE 18: When there are two subjects in different number then we should use different auxiliaries verb (is, am, are, was, were, have, has).
Incorrect: Three killed and one were injured.
Correct: Three were killed and one was injured.
RULE 19: A single verb can serve two subject if the form of verb for both the subject is same.
Incorrect: I am introvert and my sister outrageous. ( in this case form of verb is not same, because, with I ‘am’ will be verb but with my sister ‘is’ will come as the verb)
Correct: I am introvert and my sister is outrageous.
Correct: Shiv and bhole is Devotee of God Shankar.
RULE 20: Two auxiliaries can be used with one principal verb, only when the form of principal verb is appropriate for both the auxiliaries verb.
Incorrect: She never has, and never will take the smart decisions.
Correct: She never has taken, and never will take the smart decisions.
The special verbs can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must, ought, dare and need are called modal auxiliary verbs.
A modal auxiliary verb cannot be used alone. A principal verb is either present or implied.
- He will come. (Will – modal; come – principal)
RULE 21: When there is one auxiliary verb and two principal verbs then auxiliary verb should be correctly associated with them.
Incorrect: 10 students have passed one failed.
Correct: 10 students have passed, one has failed.
RULE 22: A past tense in main clause should be followed by past tense in subordinate clause.
Incorrect: Ramesh won because he works hard.
Correct: Ramesh won because he worked hard.
When you say to will, to need or to dare, the verbs will, need and dare are principal verbs, and not auxiliaries.
Too be continued ….